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        1. International Business代写:全球化对经济主权的影响

        2. 100%原创包过,高质量代写&免费提供Turnitin报告--24小时客服QQ&微信:273427
        3. International Business代写:全球化对经济主权的影响
           
          介绍
           
          全球经济一体化是一个持续的过程。经济全球化正在拉近各国之间的距离。同时,它也在挑战每一个跨越国界的国家的主权。本文将着重探讨全球化对政治主权(即国家的政策选择)和经济主权(即国家在国民经济中的作用)的影响。首先,分析全球化进程和政治经济主权概念。在此基础上,本文将探讨全球化进程中国家主权的增强与削弱。本文将从国内外以及发达国家和发展中国家的角度进行分析。欧盟的情况将作为
           
          全球化将世界塑造成经济、社会关系、文化和价值观的一体化。特别是经济全球化是一个最显著的过程,其特征是生产、贸易和资本流动。Kanter(1995)将全球化描述为“一个不断增长的购物中心”,Gilpin(2001)将其解释为世界经济的一体化。Scholte(2008)从国际化、自由化和西化三个维度解读了全球化的本质。从经验上看,全球化进程中正在发生的变化远远大于经济中的变化。全球化时代见证了人类社会的深刻变革,人类社会在意识形态、身份认同、利益分化和重组、国民经济和政治水平等方面都发生了变化。
           
          90年代初,全球化迅速发展。进入21世纪,全球化的思想被公认为不可逆转的进步,新的世界秩序正在形成,取代了雅尔塔体系下的旧秩序。
           
          结论
           
          全球经济一体化对各国的各个方面都产生了深远的影响。全球化趋势有其优缺点。全球化影响了国家主权的基本内容,即政治主权和经济主权。政治主权类似于传统的主权内容,而经济主权则是全球经济一体化的产物。讨论的重点是全球化是否增强或损害了国家主权的问题。对乐观主义者来说,他们认为全球化是一个由国家推动的进程,全球化本身就是国家主权强制执行的产物。然而,更多的研究集中在经济全球化损害国家主权这一事实上,涉及国内和国际层面。欧盟的成功和欧元区目前面临的经济危机似乎是矛盾的,它显示了硬币的两面。总的来说,对于发达国家和大国来说,全球化增强了它们获取利益的能力,而对于欠发达国家来说,全球化在一定程度上损害了它们的主权,但却有助于它们的经济发展。因此,无论是发达国家还是发展中国家都面临着挑战和机遇。

          International Business代写:全球化对经济主权的影响

          The implication of economic globalization on political and economic sovereignty of states
          Introduction 
          Global economic integration is an ongoing journey. Economic globalization is bringing closer the distance of nations. At the same time, it is challenging the sovereignty of every nation crossing national boundaries. This essay will focus on the impact of globalization on political sovereignty –that is, policy options for states, and economic sovereignty –that is, the role of the state in national economies. Firstly, it will analyze the process of globalization and concepts of political and economic sovereignty. Following this, the essay will discuss whether the national sovereignty is enhanced or impaired in the process of globalization. It will be analyzed from the perspective of inside and outside the states, as well as the developed and developing. The case of EU would be studied as 
          Globalization has been shaping the world as an integration of economies, social relations, cultures and values. Especially, economic globalization is the most remarkable process, featuring the aspects of production, trade and capital flow.  Kanter (1995) described globalization as ‘a growing shopping mall,’ Gilpin (2001) interpreted it as the integration of world economy. Scholte (2008) interpreted the essence of globalization in three dimensions: internationalization, liberalization and westernization. From empirical observations, the undergoing changes in the process of globalization are far more than that happening in economy. The era of globalization has been witnessing the profound change of human society, which evolves change of ideology, identity, differentiation and reorganization of interest, and levels of national economies and politics.
          Early l990s has witnessed the rapid expansion of globalization. Entering the 21st century, the idea of globalization has been commonly recognized as the irreversible progress, with a New World Order coming into being that replaced the old one under Yalta System. 
          Conclusions 
          Global economic integration has cast profound influence on all aspects of nations. The trend of globalization has its merits and demerits. Globalization has affected the basic contents of national sovereignty –that is political sovereignty and economic sovereignty. Political sovereignty is similar to traditional contents of sovereignty, while economic sovereignty is a recent topic that is resultant of global economic integration. Discussion focuses on the question of whether globalization has enhanced or impaired national sovereignty. For optimists, they see globalization as a process that is promoted by nations, and globalization itself is a product of enforcement of national sovereignty. However, more studies focus on the fact that economic globalization impairs national sovereignty, regarding internal and international dimensions. The success of EU and the economic crisis within EU zone it faces nowadays seem to be paradoxical, which shows the both sides of the coin. In general, for the developed and the great powers, globalization has enhanced their capacity in gaining interests, while for the less developed, their sovereignty has been impaired to some extent, however a help in developing their economy. Therefore, there lies both the challenge and opportunities for both the developed and developing countries.